Recidivism

What is Recidivism?
Recidivism: a tendency to relapse into a previous condition or mode of behavior; especially: relapse into criminal behavior [see: Merriam-Webster]

Prisoners in Arizona [March 2010]

The PEW/ASCA survey (PEW State of Recidivism) states that the three year return-to-prison rate for inmates released in 1999 to be 45.4%, and then 43.3% for those released in 2004. Arizona Correctional Industries (ACI) is committed to help further reduce these rates.

Reports indicate that Correctional Industry programs such as ACI, have the greatest impact on reducing recidivism. The Arizona Prosecuting Attorneys’ Advisory Council report titled: PRISONERS IN ARIZONA, A Profile of the Inmate Population, March 2010, authored by Dr. Daryl Fischer states, “Among the programs evaluated, ACI proved to be the most effective reducing recidivism by 31.6%.” Over time, the impact of reducing recidivism is substantial when considering the average cost of housing an inmate is $60.73* per day. With a median sentence of 2.5 years the average cost savings could be as much as $55,428 per inmate.

Example

“It is also important that we do everything we can to ensure that when these people get out of prison, they enter our communities as productive members of society, so we can start to reverse the dangerous cycles of recidivism and violence.”

    • U.S. Sen. Patrick Leahy, (D-VT, chair, Judiciary Committee)
    July 21, 2010
“Drug and alcohol addiction must be broken; discipline and job skills must be learned. When that can be done better, outside of expensive prison walls, that is what we should do. Results matter, public safety matters, taxpayer dollars matter, saving lives and restoring families matter.”

    • Chief Justice William Ray Price Jr., Supreme Court of Missouri
    February 9, 2011

Prisoners in Arizona [March 2010]

Additional Information [click on release dates to view reports]:
  • Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report: Recidivism of Prisoners Released 1994 [June 2002]
  • Arizona Inmate Recidivism Study [May 2005 ]
  • Prisoners in Arizona [March 2010]
  • PEW State of Recidivism [April 2011]
4 Responses to Recidivism
  1. are the studies listed above a correlational study or an experimental study?

    • Thanks for the question, Keith.
      These studies we primarily surveys of actual prison populations around the country during the last two decades. Though part of their goal was to ascertain which prison programs were most effective at reducing the rate of re-incarceration, no such programs were created specifically for that purpose. In other words, they are correlational studies looking for associations among the existing variables.

  2. What is the hypothesis for the Arizona Inmate Recidivism Study [May 2005 ]?

    • Thank you, Keith,
      The Arizona Inmate Recidivism Study was a broad-based study of recidivism among inmates released from
      the Arizona Department of Corrections. While the original purpose of the study was to evaluate inmate
      rehabilitation programs, the study eventually expanded to include the development of
      instruments designed to predict future recidivism and violence.


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